Gastrointestinal surgery includes a variety of surgical techniques to diagnose and treat GI disorders. Surgery can be done on both the upper and lower GI tracts, depending on the problem or disease. Gastrointestinal (GI) surgeries are performed to treat GI disorders including, gallbladder disease, colorectal cancer, tumors or inflammation, gastroesophageal reflux disease, and more. Your doctor may choose to perform the surgery as an open or minimally invasive procedure, depending on your health condition.
A minimally invasive or laparoscopic procedure allows your doctor to operate with smaller incisions and a tiny video camera. Benefits of this procedure include: Less blood loss and pain; Smaller scars; Lower risks of infection; Shorter hospital stays and quicker recovery time.
Some common types of minimally invasive GI procedures include:
Colon and Rectal Surgery – Treats disorders of the large intestine, including the rectum, colon, and anus.
Nephrectomy – Removes a diseased or cancerous kidney.
Adrenalectomy – Removes growths in the adrenal glands, which are found on the top of the kidneys and produce hormones required for proper body functioning.
Foregut Surgery – Treats conditions of the upper GI tract including, the stomach, upper portion of the small intestines, or esophagus (the tube connecting your mouth to your stomach).
Appendectomy – Removes an infected appendix, the small finger-like pouch at the end of the large intestine.
Splenectomy – Removes the spleen.
Hiatal Hernia Repair – Fixes paraesophageal hernias and Hiatal hernias. A hiatal hernia is an opening in the diaphragm (the muscle separating your chest from your abdomen) that shifts stomach or other abdominal organs into the chest, causing eating or breathing difficulty, heartburn, or chest or abdominal discomfort.
Bariatric Surgery – Makes the stomach smaller to help with weight loss.
Pancreatic Surgery – Can be used in treating various pancreatic conditions.
Cholecystectomy – Removes gallbladder to treat gallstones.
Nissen – Treats severe gastroesophageal reflux disease, also known as gastric reflux, strengthening the muscle that contracts to keep stomach acid away from the esophagus. Chronic acid reflux patients often experience chest pain, a burning sensation in their throats, chests, mouth, sore throat, or difficulty swallowing.
Retroperitoneum Surgery – Treats testicular cancer.